The Johnson County Health Department has the authority to issue citations for critical & non-critical violations of the Indiana Retail Food Establishment Sanitation Requirement Rule 410 IAC 7-24. The Indiana Civil Penalty Rule 7-23 gives local health departments authority to assess civil penalties in local enforcement actions against violators of the food rule. A range of civil penalties is established to allow flexibility for the health authority and the courts. It should be noted that violations of the food law that have a higher public health significance are assigned a broader range of potential civil penalties with a maximum of $1,000. These violations, if left uncorrected, have a much higher probability of causing illness or injury to the public. The ability to seek civil penalties should assure improved compliance, and better protection for consumers against food borne disease.